Before beginning his work Kounin felt that most people thought that instruction and disciple were two separate entities. Instruction, the skills presented for. Kounin found that teachers who use effective instructional management keep their students focused on learning tasks and minimize behavior. According to Kounin, good classroom management depends on of the teacher moving the class from one instructional activity to the next.

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In Middle School, however, it usually becomes more necessary to make mansgement example of a student who willingly breaks a rule so that other students know they will share the same fate if they do so as well. Calling on Sara when she is paying attention may encourage her to pay attention all of the time. To make this website work, we log user data and share it with processors.

The ability of the teacher to keep all students actively participating and to create interest in the material. Group focus is the ability of a teacher to engage the whole class using techniques such as building suspense or asking community questions. As the teacher got up and walked toward the board, she said something like, “Let’s look at these arithmetic problems on the board.

Theory of Instructional Management by Jacob Kounin

For example, if a student is done with an assessment or an assignment early have something for them to do such as moving on to another assignment, reading a book, or a quiet enrichment exercise. From educational psychologist to a well-known theorist today, Kounin brought a novel instructionxl that incorporated both the instructional and disciplinary aspects of the classroom together. When instructing one group, a teacher should be able to acknowledge difficulties that students outside of the group may be instructinoal so that instruction may continue.

Kounin identified specific teaching techniques that help, and hinder, classroom discipline. Kounin’s theories are very useful in a Middle Ijstructional setting.

In a high school setting, a teacher needs to incorporate all of the aspects of Kounin’s philosophy in their teaching practice. Another example, if the teacher is in the middle of a lecture and a student enters the room the teacher should make eye contact with the student, have an area for the student to turn in work, and continue with the lesson.


Momentum is the flow of a lesson. According to Kounin, when students are off-task, the teacher should send a clear message that communicates to students the awareness that they are not working and that they need to become engaged. Communicating to students that their participation will be observed or evaluated.

Classroom Management Theorists and Theories/Jacob Kounin – Wikibooks, open books for an open world

Once they have finished a task they can turn to each other or they could pair up with those who are already done and compare answers. OK Classroom Management By: This needs to be considered by teachers when planning.

Classroom Management Theorists and Theories. He watched as the correction of one student behavior actually spread to other students engaging in inappropriate behaviors, and resulted in a much more ordered room. I’m busy working on my blog posts. Continually being alert to the myriad of sights and sounds in the classroom.

Share buttons are a little bit lower. The teacher can then intervene or take the group to a different track if required. Management I Classroom Management is a primary concern for beginning teachers Classroom Management is a primary concern for beginning teachers.

This first observation led Kounin to conduct experiments over 5 years with students from all levels, but later Kounin changed his focus to seeing how teachers actually prepared or proactively managed their classrooms before behavior occurred. What do you think? Using smoothness, what could you do as a teacher to prevent Brad from yelling out?

Kounin, Advantages Teacher attempts to involve all learners in learning tasks Helps teachers handle discipline problems in the classroom. When every student always has something to do, each will not become bored and find off-task behavior to engage in.

His best-known work was done in the s, where he conducted two major case studies. An effective lesson pulls the student along. Effective Classroom Management Strategies: Be sure to include activities of various lengths and for a variety of ability levels.


Valuable instructional time is often wasted in the process of the teacher moving the class from one instructional activity to the next. If you wish to download it, please recommend it to your friends in any social system.

inwtructional It is very important that elementary instructors maintain their energy and enthusiasm when presenting to their students. Create your website today. Read your student profile.

Classroom Management Theorists and Theories/Jacob Kounin

An example of this would be a student late for the class interrupts or technology that is being used goes wrong. This also includes distractions from outside the classroom such as notes from the office or students walking through the hallways. These are the main theories and history of Jacob Kounin. Published by Kennedy Wiswell Modified over 3 years ago.

The teacher may also want to make a respectable suggestion to inform the student that their behavior is unacceptable.

Lutz Baldwin-Whitehall School District. If teachers are able to demonstrate appropriate teaching behaviours, maintain appropriate instructional momentum, work toward group focus and plan a learning environment that is conducive to learning. The teacher could have kouinn visual of a pocket chart to show where that group will be during the time granted. He believed that in order for a teacher to have an effective connection between management and teaching, there needed to be good Lesson Movement.

Research was based on video tapes on 80 elementary school classrooms. He noticed how the reactions of teachers to students affected classroom management in a negative way.

Please help us to share our service with your friends. The teacher can have procedures that will allow the teacher to be effective when two situations occur at the same time. The teacher should make sure that these exercises remain short so students do not get bored.

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