The Holmes-Rahe Life Stress Inventory. The Social Readjustment Rating Scale. INSTRUCTIONS: Mark down the point value of each of these life events that has . History. In , psychiatrists Thomas Holmes and Richard. Rahe examined over patient’s medical records to determine whether stressful events cause. Their results were published as the Social Readjustment Rating Scale (SRRS) [1] , now commonly known as the Holmes and Rahe Stress.

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Inventorh validation supported the links between stress and illness [ 2 ]. Psychosocial predictors of illness behavior and failure in stressful training. Over the next six months, detailed records were kept of the sailors’ health. Items Although the scale was originally developed and validated on males, it provides useful results for both male and female subjects. Journal of Psychosomatic Research14 4 The Social Readjustment Rating Scale: Saul McLeodpublished Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford.

A modified scale has also been developed for non-adults.

They developed a item hassles scale and a uplifts scale to examine the relationship between hassles and health. The questionnaire is inveentory to use and downloadable [ 1 ].

Not necessarily true e. As Life Change Units increased, so did the frequency of illness. Patients were asked to tally a list of 43 life events based on a relative score. Conclusion The SRRS is surprisingly consistent despite the cross-cultural differences one would unventory.

Journal of behavioral medicine4 1 The reliability of the Social Readjustment Rating Scale: J Health Soc Behav. Malaysians exhibited different attitudes implying different stress at the same score.


An opportunity sample of American participants, including 52 women and 48 men, all white, well-educated and middle class were asked to circle the events on both scales that they had experienced the previous month and rate each according to severity for the hassles and frequency for the uplifts.

A positive correlation etress 0.

For Permissions, please email: Subsequent validation has supported the links between stress and illness. SRRS – stress of life events.

The Holmes-Rahe Stress Inventory

Inpsychiatrists Thomas Stresd and Richard Rahe examined the medical records of over 5, medical patients as a way to determine whether stressful events might cause illnesses.

Most people experience major life events very infrequently. The SRRS is surprisingly consistent despite the cross-cultural differences one would expect. It furthers the University’s objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and education by publishing worldwide.

Holmes–Rahe Stress Inventory | Occupational Medicine | Oxford Academic

Email alerts New issue alert. Although the scale was originally developed and validated on males, it provides useful results for both male and female subjects.

A total value for stressful life events can be worked out by adding up the scores for each inventkry experienced over a 12 month period. Sign In or Create an Account. Rahe carried out a study in testing the validity of the stress scale as a predictor of illness. Daily hassles and uplifts versus major life events.

The researchers concluded that as Life Change Units were positively correlated with illness scores, experiencing life events increased the chances of stress-related health breakdown. Kanner et al were interested in investigating whether it is daily hassles, rather than major life events that are the most stressful.


Citing articles via Web of Science 1. The total score on the SRRS was recorded for each participant. The Holmes and Rahe stress scale is a list of 43 stressful life events that can contribute to illness. To measure stress according to the Holmes and Rahe Stress Scale, the number of “Life Change Units” that apply to events in the past year of an individual’s life are added and the final score will give a rough estimate of how stress affects health.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The social readjustment rating scale. The scale assumes that each stressor affects people the same way.

Prediction of near-future health change from subjects’ preceding life changes. Receive exclusive offers and updates from Oxford Holmew.

Source The questionnaire is free to use and downloadable [ 1 ]. Sensitization in the UK Nolmes Court. This suggests weakness of the SRRS in certain areas, with different cultural group reactions to different life events. Post-traumatic growth in ex- military personnel: Although the scale is well researched, the values are only a rough approximation at best [ 13 ].

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