GUSTAVE LANSON PDF
Gustave Lanson. JEAN-ALBERT BEDE. Agrège des Lettres y Department of Modem Languages, Princeton. Professor Gustave Lanson, who died recently in. Gustave Lanson Lanson in Gustave Lanson (5 August – 15 December ) was a French historian and literary critic. He taught at the Sorbonne in. French historian. Gustave Gustave Lanson en Wikipedia-logo- Wikipedia. Date of birth, 5 August Orléans.
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Gustave Lanson 5 August — 15 December was a French historian and literary critic. He taught at the Sorbonne in Paris. Lanson was a major figure in the reformation of the French university system at the beginning of the 20th century, as well as a dominant force in French literary criticism until well after his death. He is known primarily for his writings on literary historyparticularly his attempts to fuse the studies of literature and of culture ; in the former area he expanded upon, and in part questioned, the idea of “race, milieu, and moment” as described by Hippolyte Taine.
He also contributed a great deal to the study of pedagogyarguing for the pedagogical importance of the explication de texte, the French predecessor of close reading. Lanson proposed the idea of “literary sociology,” a complex formulation of the relationship between social influences on an author, readers’ expectations, and the text. For Lanson a text was neither a mere product of collective social forces nor an autonomous work by an autonomous genius, but something in between.
The text was a composite work on which society exerted powerful and unseen forces but that could still escape those forces in order to present something outside of them: The composite nature of Lanson’s model allowed him to imagine a text with multiple intended audiences: During this period he travelled extensively in the United Statesvisiting a number of college campuses, and later wrote about his experiences.
Lanson was struck by the importance of religion on American campuses, though he also commented that the unity inspired by shared religion was fading in favor of shared interest in collegiate sports, particularly American football. In the same year he was finally led to resign after a media prank by Sartre and his comrades. Lanson’s reputation, particularly in the United States, steadily declined in the years after his death, reaching its nadir in the late s and s.
In the era of the New Criticismwith its interest in the exploration of metaphor and image and the distancing of a text from the circumstances that created it, Lanson was seen as a pedant obsessed with historical and biological trivia and a rigid and unliterary philology. In recent years, however, with critics exploring possible commonalities between formal and historical methods and with more intense and less teleological studies of the history of criticism, interest in Lanson has grown.
Lanson in Gustave Lanson 5 August — 15 December was a French historian and literary critic. Biography Lanson was a major figure in the reformation of the French university system at the beginning of the 20th century, as well as a dominant force in French literary criticism until well after his death.
He is known primarily for his writings on literary history, particularly his attempts to fuse the studies of literature and of culture; in the former area he expanded upon, and in part questioned, the idea of “race, milieu, and moment” as described by Hippolyte Taine. He also contributed a great deal to the study of pedagogy, arguing for the pedagogical importance of the explication de texte, the French predecessor of close reading.
Lanson proposed the idea of “literary sociology,” a complex formulation of the Explication de Texte is a French formalist method of literary analysis that allows for limited reader response, similar to close reading in the English-speaking literary tradition. The method involves a detailed yet relatively objective examination of structure, style, imagery, and other aspects of a work. It was particularly advocated by Gustave Lanson. It is primarily a pedagogical tool, similar to a formal book report.
A simple format for writing an Explication de Texte is this: A brief summary of the literal, not the figurative, content; A description of the text’s type and structure e.
Category:Gustave Lanson – Wikimedia Commons
Was it a sonnet? Comedy was no longer to provoke laughter, but tears. The innovation consisted in destroying the sharp distinction then existing between trag Corneille, caught up as he was in the Fronde, then at its height, was inspired to write a play whose basic premise is a clash between aristocratic and political ideals – a clash between hero and state. Gustave Rudler 11 January — 17 October was a French scholar and academic, who served as the first Marshal Foch Professor of French Literature at the University of Oxford from until For his doctoral thesis offor which he was directed by the scholar Gustave Lanson, he studied the French-born writer and academic Benjamin Constant, and the result was regarded as a major contribution to scholarship relating to Constant.
Apart from military service during the First World War, he spent the remainder of his academic life in England. Inhe was appointed as the first Marshal Fo In literary criticism, close reading is the careful, sustained interpretation of a brief passage of a text.
A close reading emphasizes the single and the particular over the general, effected by close attention to individual words, the syntax, the order in which the sentences unfold ideas, as well as formal structures. A truly attentive close reading of a two-hundred-word poem might be thousands of words long without exhausting the possibilities for observation and insight. History Literary close reading and commentaries have extensive precedent in the exegesis of religious texts, and more broadly, hermeneutics of ancient works.
Yustave example, Pazand, a genre of middle Persian literature, guetave to the Zend literally: He was one of the key figures in the philosophy of existentialism and phenomenology, and one of the leading figures in 20th-century French philosophy and Marxism.
His work has also influenced sociology, critical theory, post-colonial theory, and literary studies, and continues to influence these disciplines.
Sartre was also noted for his open relationship with prominent feminist and fellow existentialist philosopher and writer Simone de Beauvoir. Together, Sartre and de Beauvoir challenged the cultural and social assumptions and bustave of their upbringings, which they considered bourgeois, in both lifestyle and thought.
The conflict between oppressive, spiritually destructive conformity laanson foi, literally, “bad faith” and an “authentic” way of “being” be It is the capital of the Loiret department and of the Centre-Val de Loire region.
Inthe city hadinhabitants, and the population of the urban area wasHe did much to reform the prevailing form of French poetry, in the same way that Blaise Pascal lanxon to reform the prose. He was greatly influenced by Horace.
Family and education Boileau was the fifteenth child of Gilles Boileau, a clerk in lansoj parlement. Two of his brothers attained some distinction: Gilles Boileau, the author of a translation of Epictetus; and Jacques Boileau, who became a canon of the Sainte-Chapelle, and made valuable contributions to church history. His mother died when he was two years old; and Nicolas Boileau, who gistave a delicate constitution, seems to have suffered something from want of care.
Zaharoff wanted the University of Paris to have a right of veto over the appointment, but Oxford would not accept this. The compromise reached was that Paris should have a representative on the appointing committee although this provision was later removed.
The first professor, Gustave Rudler, was appointed in As ofthe chair is held by Catriona Seth. For an alphabetical list of writers of French nationality broken down by A media prank is a type of media event, perpetrated by staged speeches, activities, or press releases, designed to trick legitimate journalists into publishing erroneous or misleading articles.
The term may also refer to such stories if planted by fake journalists, as well as the false story thereby published. A media prank is a form of culture jamming generally done as performance art or a practical joke for purposes of a humorous critique of mass media. Many newspapers including Le Petit Parisien announced the event on May 25 and thousands showed up, unaware that they were witnessing a stunt with a look-alike. This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in January 25 — Following its acquittal the previous month in United States v.
It has 12, advance sales. Traven’s novel The Death Ship is first published in English. February — Stefan Zweig flees Austria and settles in London.
He was the chief theoretical influence of French naturalism, a major proponent of sociological positivism and one of the first practitioners of historicist criticism. Literary historicism as a critical movement has been said to originate with him. His father, a lawyer, his uncle, and his grandfather encouraged him to read eclectically and offered him art an The first page of the Astronomica, from a gusstave The Astronomica Latin: The Astronomica was penned c.
AD 10—20 by a Roman poet whose name was likely Marcus Manilius; little is known of Manilius, and although lansom is evidence that the Astronomica was probably read by many other Roman writers, no surviving works explicitly quote him. The earliest work on astrology that is extensive, comprehensible, and mostly intact, the Astronomica describes celestial phenomena, and, in particular, the zodiac and astrology.
The poem—which seems to have been inspired by Lucretius’s Epicurean poem De rerum natura—espouses a Stoic, deterministic understanding of a universe overseen by a god and governed by reason. The fifth book of the Astronomica gustavr a lacuna, which has led to debate about the original size of the poem; some scholars have argued tha Bertrand Auerbach 2 September — gusfave August was a French explorer, anthropologist and geographer.
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He published several works on Austria-Hungary, which had a complex mix of ethnic groups and languages in the period before World War I — He was interested in history at first, and his study of geography under Ernest Desjardins only concerned historical geography.
Marcel Dubois 25 July — 23 October was a French geographer. Early years Marcel Dubois was born in Paris on 25 July After graduating, he travelled to Athens inprobably via Rome. Dubois returned to France in the fall of with the material for his thesis on the island of Kos. He joined the local geographical society, and from February to October was Henric Sanielevici Romanian pronunciation: Initially a militant socialist from the political-philosophical circle of Constantin Dobrogeanu-Gherea, he incorporated other influences and, increated his own literary review, Curentul Nou “The New Trend”.
However, Sanielevici soon detached himself from both Marxism and Agrarianism, criticizing Romanian traditionalist literature, and prophesying a Neoclassicism for the working men. More controversy surrounded his ambiguous attitudes during Worl Alan Rowland Chisholm —often referred to as A. Chisholm, was a distinguished professor of French, critic and memorialist. During the more than three decades he spent at the University of Melbourne, the French “program became a world-renowned centre of scholarship in French literature”.
He attended the University of Sydney, where he studied French, under George Gibb Nicholson, and Latin, graduating in with first class honours in French.
His books on the French navy under Louis XV and Louis XVI are much-quoted and were considered references when published, although they betray his patriotic bias. His master work was a four-volume biography of Talleyrand. Etching by Giovanni Battista Piranesi, The Villa Medici as it looks today. Winners were awarded a bursary that allowed them to stay in Rome for three to five years at the expense of the state. The prize was extended to architecture inmusic inand engraving in It was an annual bursary for promising artists having proved their talents by completing a very difficult elimination contest.
It was initially conceived during the French Revolution and was intended to provide the Republic with a new body of professors, trained in the critical spirit and secular values of the Enlightenment.