Georgius Gemistos (also Plethon or Pletho; in Greek: Γεώργιος Πλήθων Γεμιστός) (c. – ), a Greek Neoplatonist philosopher, was one. ABSTRACT: In this paper I examine George Gemistos Plethon’s defense in his De Differentiis of Plato’s conception of God as superior to that of Aristotle’s. Born in Constantinople about , died in the Peloponnesus, Out of veneration for Plato he changed his name from Gemistos to Plethon. Although he .

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Western European scholars had limited access to ancient Greek philosophy through the Roman Catholic Church and the commentaries of Islamic and Jewish scholars, but the Byzantine libraries held many documents and interpretations that the Westerners had never seen before.

Nevertheless, he achieves this with Kronos, he who is one of the Tartarean Titans and their leader. In the letter, he lists all the chapter headings of the Book of Gemisots and gives a short description of the contents. He cites as his evidence for this Metaphysics a In Plethon had returned to the Peloponnesus, and there he died and was buried at Misithra in Monfasani the difference between the two dates being significant as to whether or not Plethon still lived to know of the Fall of Constantinople in Throughout its history it has acted as both a barrier and a bridge between the two continents.

20th WCP: George Gemistos Plethon on God: Heterodoxy in Defense of Orthodoxy

Curiously, we know of the case because it was reviewed by George Scholarios, then Chief Judge at Constantinople. Plethon’s most important works are the “Laws” written in imitation of Plato’s “Laws”, which was condemned by GennadiosPatriarch gwmistos Constantinople, and “On the Differences between Plato and Aristotle”, in which he attacks the Aristotelian philosophy and asserts the superiority of Platonism.


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As an ad-hoc measure he also supported the reconciliation of the two churches in order to secure Western Europe support against the Ottomans. Plethon touched little plerhon religion, although he expressed disdain for monks, who “render no service to the common good”.

Oxford University Press, Aristotle, ancient Greek philosopher and scientist, one of the greatest intellectual figures of Western….

As a secular scholar, Plethon was often not required for the religious discussions at the Council. Any text you add should be original, not copied from other sources.

Schmitt, Renaissance Philosophy Oxford: These then are the doctrines about the universe. He himself has truly ordained the whole order.

You can make it easier for us to review and, hopefully, publish your contribution by keeping a few points in mind. Gemistox of his writing exhibited a passionate regard for Greece. George Gemistos Plethon on God: Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes.

This resulted from his membership in the Byzantine delegation to the Council of Ferrara-Florence in Turkey, country that occupies a unique geographic position, lying partly in Asia and partly in Europe.

An even older edition of Plethon’s text gemiatos published by Bernardus Donatus Venice, The original has simply senatus. Among the attendees of these lectures was Cosimo d’Medici.

Gemistos Plethon – New World Encyclopedia

According to Marsilio Ficino, in his introduction to the translation of Plotinus [16]Cosimo de’ Medici attended these lectures and was inspired to found the Accademia Platonica in Florence, where Italian students of Plethon continued to teach after the conclusion of the council. Believing that the Peloponnesians were direct descendants of the ancient HellenesPlethon rejected Justinian’s idea of a universal Empire in favour of recreating the Hellenistic civilizationthe zenith of Greek influence, [20] In his and pamphlets urged Manuel II and his son Theodore to turn the peninsula into a cultural island with a new constitution of strongly centralised monarchy advised by a small body of middle-class educated men.


To cite this article click here for a list of acceptable citing formats. In the text of De Differentiis itself, it is not clearly evident that Plethon considers the Platonic conception of God closer to that of the Christian conception than that of Aristotle.

Gemistus Pletho

Curiously, Chariander’s Latin translation of the Greek text was reprinted in J. He is himself being in its entirety and completely ungenerated; both father and highest creator of all the other gods. But what about his implied characterization of Plato’s position with regard to God? He is the master in the universe. Notes 1 I would like to thank Richard Beck for his insights concerning my translation of Plethon’s Summary.

Grube, Plato’s Thought Indianapolis: See, Steven Runciman’s Mistra: I argue that Plethon takes the position he does because his interpretation of the Platonic God better fits his own neo-pagan theological conceptions. During the Council, Gemistos found that he had free time because much of the counciliar discussion concerned theological minutiae that did not require the presence of a secular sage.

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