Ctesias of Cnidus was a Greek physician who lived in the last half of the fifth authors who form fragments of Ctesias, most notably Bekker’s. Ctesias returned to Greece in and began writing his Persica, a history of Assyria-Babylonia in 23 books. Books I–VI included a history of Assyria and the. CTESIAS (Gk. Ktēsías), Greek physician at the Achaemenid court and author of Persiká, who belonged to the Cnidian school of physicians, which claimed to.

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Stronk, ‘Ctesias’ Persian History.

The first battle was indecisive, but in a second, the Bactrians were defeated because the wind blew in their faces, and the whole of Bactria submitted. He became one of the fathers, or at least the ancestors, of Greek historical romance. Inarus ctesiae battle with Achaemenides, the Egyptians were victorious, Achaemenides being slain by Inarus and his body sent to Artaxerxes.

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Retrieved from ” https: Clearchus and the other generals were sent in chains to Artaxerxes at Babylon, where all the people flocked to see Clearchus. Aspamitres, who had taken part in the murders of Xerxes and Dariaeus was cruelly put to death, being exposed in the trough. After his accession she bore him another dtesias, called Cyrus from the sun.

They are now lost but were quoted by ancient authors; consequently, we are able to judge their value as history low and as works of art entertaining. The first six books covered the history of Assyria and Babylon to the foundation of the Persian empire; the remaining seventeen went down to the year BC. The plan succeeded, Artyphius and Arsites surrendered, and were thrown into the ashes. Clearchus was in command of the Greeks; Syennesisking of Ciliciaassisted both Cyrus and Artaxerxes.

Photius’ Excerpt of Ctesias’ Persica

When his answer was reported to the king, the Paphlagonian eunuch Artoxares and Amestris urged him to make peace without delay. However, he fled with his army and Megabyzus gained a brilliant victory. But he was unable to fill the vessel of oil, as had been written.

The king was anxious to put Artyphius to death, but Parysatis advised him not to do so at once, in order to deceive Arsites and induce him also to submit; when both had surrendered, she said they could both be put to death. In the remaining battles 12, Ppersica were killed. By the advice of the Athenians Themistocles and Aristides archers were summoned from Crete.

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Discover some of the most interesting and trending topics of One of the little birds, about the size of an egg, called rhyndace, was cut in half by Parysatis, who herself took and ate the portion which had not been touched by the poison, at the same time offering Statira the poisoned half.

After his execution, a marvelous thing happened. The letters of Conon to the king and Ctesias. Her husband Spitamas, however, was put to death, because, when asked, he had falsely declared that he did not know where Astyigas was. The inhabitants expressed themselves persics to do so, provided the Athenians who accompanied him were not admitted.

Ctesias – Wikipedia

His brother embraced him, but nevertheless determined to put him to death, and, unknown to his mother Amytis, took measures to carry out his plan. Before this, the son of Croesus was handed over as a hostage, the king himself having been deceived by a divine vision. Cyrus himself fell from his horse, and an Indian persicw him mortally with a javelin under the thigh. He also endeavored to make them friends with Amorges, bestowing his blessing on those who should remain on friendly terms with one another, and a curse upon those who first did wrong.

According to Diodorus Siculus 2. Ctesias returned to Greece in and began writing his Persicaa history of Assyria-Babylonia in 23 books. Letter from the king to Conon and the Spartans, delivered to them by Ctesias himself.

Photius’ Excerpt of Ctesias’ Persica – Livius

Terituchmes had a half-sister Roxana, of great beauty and very skillful in bending the bow and hurling the spear. But the king ordered him to be thrown into the ashes and gave his satrapy to Tissaphernes. Having done so, they persuaded Artaxerxes note [Artaxerxes I Makrocheir. A table knife was smeared with poison on one side.

This Hellenized version of Persian culture was enormously influential in antiquity, shaping Greek stereotypes of effeminate Persian monarchs, licentious and vengeful queens, and conniving eunuchs. Help us improve this article! It includes all testimonies and fragments on Persia, India and othera page introduction, the Greek texte, a French translation, and commentary notes.


The Assyrian books themselves were little more than minute descriptions, on one hand, of the rule of Ninus the eponymous founder of Nineveh, which Ctesias located on the Euphrates; Diodorus, 2. By the advice of Oebaras he set up wooden figures representing Persians round the walls, the sight of which so terrified the inhabitants that the city was easily taken.

It was there that he wrote his books, and it is probable that he also continued to practice medicine, for he had the cachet of having served as physician to the Persian king. Jacoby, Fragmentep. Having appointed Sarsamas satrap of Egypt, Megabyzus took Inarus and the Greeks to Artaxerxes, who was greatly enraged with Inarus because he had slain his brother Achaemenides.

Artapanus the son of Artasyras had as great influence as his father had had over Darius. The Derbices suddenly brought up some elephants which had been kept in ambush, and put Cyrus’ cavalry to flight.

What the latter relates of Zopyrus is attributed by Ctesias, with the exception of his mule giving birth to a foal, to Megabyzus, the son-in-law of Xerxes and the husband of his daughter Amytis. The style is more careless than it should be, and the phraseology often descends to the commonplace, whereas that of Herodotus, both in this and other respects as far as vigor and art are concerned, is the model representative of the Ionic dialect. On the intercession of Amestris and Amytis, the ctesia became reconciled to him and admitted him to his table as before.

All images are at persicq 2.

Giangrande, who has reasoned that, because Ctesias is known to have written in Ionic, the papyrus fragment cannot be ascribed to him at all. When Darius decided to continue…. Perica his father’s lifetime, Ochus was made satrap of Hyrcaniaand given in marriage to Parysatis, the daughter of Artaxerxes and his own sister. Goossens; Drews,pp. The Natural History of Unicorns.

This portent was interpreted by the wise men to mean that he would leave no successor.

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