COIR PITH COMPOSTING PDF
Hillocks of coir pith accumulate in the vicinity of coconut coir-fiber extraction units, of which disposal and management remain a major problem. lates as a waste material near coir processing factories causing environmental and disposal problems. The feasibility of co-composting coir pith with solid poul. “PITHPLUS” An edible mushroom spawn speeds up composting process of coir pith and leads to 42% reduction in volume of coir pith. This mushroom belongs.
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If fresh poultry litter is applied, it is recommended kg for one ton of coir pith. The shady pity conserve the moisture in the composting material. Benefits of composted coir pith 5. Limitation in using composted coir pith 1.
Coir pith compostinf composted to reduce the wider C: The chemical observations are narrower C: The period of composting vary from substrate to substrate. The increase in height retains the temperature generated in the coir pith compost process. This 5 kg equally divided into five portions and in alternative layer of coir pith one kg of urea should be applied. If fibrous materials are present, it is removed by sieving at the source it self.
It improves the water holding capacity more than 5 times its dry weight contributing towards increased soil moisture.
In between coconut trees, shade under any tree is good for composting. But beyond 5 feet, it requires machinery to handle the materials. Otherwise, it has to be removed at the end of composting at the compost pit. It is better to prepare compost in the own farm.
If the height is low, what ever the heat generated will be dissipated easily. There is no need for pit or cement tub to make the compost. There is improvement in cation exchange capacity of soils, where composted coir pith is applied. Coir pith compost application increased the soil native microflora because of addition of humic materials. If earthen floor is available the floor can be made to hard by hard pressing and also by applying cow dung slurry.
The composted material which is obtained from sieving is ready for use.
Coir pith is an aerobic composting. A separate area should be earmarked for composting. The addition of composted coir dust improves soil compostint, structure and tilth, sandy soil become more compact and clayey soil become more arable. Presence of roof over the composting material is advantageous, since it protects the material from rain and severe sunshine. The bulk density of both the sub surface cm sioil is reduced piyh considerable extent with the application composted coir pith.
If the composition is not used immediately, it should be stored in a open, compposting place, to retain the moisture, so that the beneficial micro organism present in the compost will not die. Coir pith composting technology 3. Limitation in using composted coir pith. Because of wider carbon and nitrogen ratio and lower biodegradability due to high lignin content, coir pith is still not considered as a good carbon source for use in agriculture.
After moistening, nitrogenous source material should be added. The nitrogenous source may be in the form of urea or fresh poultry litter. Coir pith should be spread to the length of 4 feet and breadth of 3 feet. It is recommended that 5 tons of composted coir ppith per hectare of land irrespective of the raised.
Coir Pith Compost
The largest by products of coconut is coconut husk from which coir fibre is extracted. Composted coir dust contains all plant nutrient elements and it can provide a supplemental effect along with inorganic fertilizers. Is is advised that composted coir pith should be applied basally before take up the sowing. If no water is coming out of the material, that moisture status is ideal for cor.
Central Coir Research Institute
Beforebuying composted coir dust, it should be ensured that the material is composted completely ocmposting quality analysis certificate is available ppith the material. The chemical observation for compost maturity is to be analysed in the laboratory. The third observation is that composted material emits earthy odour. Nutritive value of raw and composted coir pith compost. In Tamil Nadu state alone 5 lakh tons of coir dust is available. Coir pith composting technology Collection of raw material.