Caranx hippos. This large fish is wonderfully abundant in the Atlantic Ocean, and popular resource for both commercial and sports fishers alike. Description, classification, synonyms, distribution map and images of Caranx hippos – Crevalle jack. (ofScomber hippos Linnaeus, ) Linnaeus C. (). Systema naturae per regna tria naturae: secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum.

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Marine Species Identification Portal : Crevalle jack – Caranx hippos

It is an important sport fish, and is exploited throughout its range. Analisis taxonomico y consideraciones filogeneticas sobre las especies cubanas del genero Caranx Teleostei, Perciformes, Carangidae.

The juvenile is striped vertically along its sides, but as it matures, it changes to an even greenish-bluish above and silver or golden below. Marine; brackish; reef-associated; oceanodromous Ref. Predators The crevalle jack is prey for many surface feeding carnivores, such as finfish including the striped marlin Tetrapturus audaxand sea birds.

These black bars are present until the fish reaches a size of 6. Evidence from laboratory studies indicates crevalle jack are able to coordinate their feeding and spawning aggregations over coral reefs based on the release of dimethylsulfoniopropionate DMSP from the reef.

These swellings were initially thought to be due to a copepod parasitehowever radiographs and subsequent sectioning found them to be bony in nature.

These individuals live on the outer shelf edges, sill reefs and upper slopes of the deep reef, and tend to be more solitary than juveniles. Sounds Ciguatera Speed Swim. Ina crevalle jack caught by fishermen off South Carolina displayed swollen, bulbous mandibles.


Once spawning has occurred, the pair rejoins the main school. Popular baits include both live fish, such as mullet and menhadenas well as dead or strip baits consisting of fish, squid or prawns. There is an area of dark pigment above the peduncle that appears at 1. Scomber carangus Bloch, hippow, Naturg. Ueber Zwey Merkwurdige Fisch-Arten. On Caranx hippos Linnaeus from Ecuador.

Smithsonian Marine Station

There is an oval black spot on the pectoral fins; this appears at about 4. There have been some reports of ciguatera poisoning associated with this jack. The crevalle jack is classified within the genus Caranxone of a number of hilpos known as the jacks or trevallies. Dentition The crevalle jack has three paired patches of small villiform teeth located dorsally.

Inshore Salt Water Fishing: Larvae have been collected in areas with salinities between After the juvenile reaches a size of 1. Juveniles abundant in caarnx estuaries with muddy bottoms, near sandy beaches and on seagrass beds Ref.

Human uses

The flesh is very red and dark due to the red muscle of the fish, which makes it somewhat coarse and poor tasting. Archived from the original PDF on This led to the creation of two trinomial names ; Caranx hippos hippso and Caranx hippos tropicus. They form fast-moving schools, although larger fish may be solitary.

Main reference Upload your references References Coordinator: It was described and named in by the famed Swedish taxonomist Carl Linnaeusbased on the holotype specimen taken off the coast of the Carolinas, United States. I-XXX; Segunda parte, Gillrakers including rudiments upper, lower on first gill arch.


The pelvic fin remains unpigmented after 0. Peixes de Portugal e ilhas adjacentes.

Crevalle jack – Wikipedia

Blennioideipp. The types of fish taken varied throughout the range, with members of ClupeidaeSparidaeCarangidae and Trichiuridae all taken in variable amounts, usually with members of one family dominating ccaranx local diet. This patch is apparent by the time the fish reaches a fork length of 0. Through the years, it has appeared under a variety of different names. Gulf and Caribbean Research.

Dietary shifts with both age, location and season have been demonstrated, which led some researchers to postulate the species is indiscriminant in its feeding habits. Summary page Point data Common names Photos. Note interno ai Carangidi del Mediterraneo.

Coastal caran Estuarine Research Federation. Juveniles have 5 dark bars on their bodies. They have a diameter of 0. The widely variable diet of the species throughout its life stages caranz authors in the s and s to conclude the species was indiscriminate in its feeding habits, eating whatever was locally available. Histoire naturelle des poissons.

Entered by Luna, Susan M. In juveniles the small patch scales on the chest form at 0. The pectoral spot develops at about 4.

Often grunts or croaks are heard when caught. The crevalle jack lives in both inshore and offshore habitats, with larger adults preferring deeper waters than juveniles.

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