A Brief Outline of the Canons of Dordt (), the Original Five Points of Calvinism. Rev. Angus Stewart. Head I: Of Divine Predestination (Unconditional. The Canons of Dordt of , the Reformed Tradition’s response to the Arminiam views of the Remonstrants in the Dutch Reformed Church. Everyone knows the acronym TULIP, but not everyone knows where this acronym comes from. The Canons of Dordt are among the most.

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That all men have been accepted unto the state of reconciliation and unto the grace of the covenant, so that no one is worthy of condemnation on account of original dodrt, and that no one shall be condemned because of it, oc that all are free from the guilt of original sin. This assurance, however, is not produced by any peculiar revelation contrary to or independent of the Word of God, but springs from faith in God’s promises, which He has most abundantly revealed in His Word for od comfort; from the testimony of the Holy Spirit, witnessing with our spirit that oof are children and heirs of Dordh Rom 8: This is repugnant to the entire Scripture, which constantly inculcates this and similar declarations: This certainty of perseverance, however, is so far from exciting in believers a spirit of pride, or of rendering them carnally secure, that on the contrary, it is the real source of humility, filial reverence, true piety, patience in every tribulation, fervent prayers, constancy in suffering, and in confessing the truth, and of solid rejoicing in God.

Article 16 – Responses to the Teaching of Reprobation Those who do not yet experience a lively faith in Christ, an assured confidence of soul, peace of conscience, an earnest endeavor after filial obedience, and glorying in God through Christ, efficaciously wrought in them, and do nevertheless persist in the use of the means which God has appointed for working these graces in us, ought not to be alarmed at the mention of reprobation, nor to rank themselves among the reprobate, but diligently to persevere in the use of means, and with ardent desires, devoutly and humbly to wait for a season of richer grace.

But we know that when he appears, we shall be like him, for we shall see him as caons is. That in spiritual death the spiritual gifts are not separate from the will of man, since the will in itself has never been off, but only hindered through the darkness of the understanding and the irregularity of the affections.

My Father, who has given them to me, is greater than all ; no one can snatch them out of my Father’s hand John The Canons were not intended to be a comprehensive explanation of Reformed doctrine, but only an exposition on the five points of dordy in dispute.

A service of thanksgiving to God followed upon the completion of the Canons, a service at which it was thankfully remembered that the Lord had cxnons the Reformed Churches in the midst of a life-and-death conflict, and had preserved for the churches the truth that salvation is of the Lord alone.

So even to this day, be it far from either instructors or instructed to presume to tempt God in the church by separating what he of his good pleasure has most intimately joined together. When God accomplishes his good pleasure in the elect or works in them true conversion, he not only causes the gospel to be externally preached to them and powerfully illumines their minds by his Holy Spirit that they may rightly understand and discern the things of the Spirit of God, he also by the efficacy of the same regenerating Spirit pervades the inmost recesses of the man.

Scottish Bulletin of Evangelical Theology. That the good pleasure and purpose of God, of which Scripture makes mention in the doctrine of election, does not consist in this, that God chose certain persons rather than others, but in this that he chose out of od possible conditions among which are also the works of the lawor out of the whole order of things, the act of faith which from its very nature is undeserving, as well as its incomplete obedience, as a condition of salvation, and that he would graciously consider this in itself as a complete obedience and count it worthy of the reward of eternal life.


Since the church was closely intertwined in both political and social spheres, such sharp theological dissension threatened to spill over into political unrest.

That the corrupt and natural man can so well use the common grace by which they understand the light of nature canoms, or the gifts still left him after the fall, that he can gradually gain by their good use a greater, that is, the evangelical or saving grace, and salvation itself; and that in this way God on His part shows Himself ready to reveal Christ unto all men, since He applies to all sufficiently and efficiently the means necessary to conversion. That the will of God to save those who would believe and would persevere in faith and in the obedience of faith is the whole and entire decree of election, and that nothing else concerning this decree has been revealed in God’s Word.

This death is of such infinite value dlrdt dignity because the person who submitted to it was not only really man and perfectly holy, but also the only-begotten Son of God, of the same eternal and infinite essence with the Father and the Holy Spirit, which qualifications were necessary to constitute Him a Savior for us; and, moreover, because it was attended with a sense of the wrath and curse of God due to us for sin.

Conclusion And this is the perspicuous, simple, and ingenious declaration of the orthodox doctrine respecting the five articles which have been controverted in the Belgic churches; and the rejection of the errors, with which they have canona some time been troubled.

That God, simply by virtue of His righteous will, did not decide either to leave anyone in the fall of Adam and in the common state sin and condemnation, or to pass anyone by in the communication of grace which is necessary for faith and conversion.

That in the true conversion of man no new qualities, powers, or gifts can be infused by God into the will, and that therefore faith, through which we are first converted and because of which we are called believers, is not a quality or gift infused by God but only an act of man, and that it cannot be said to cnons a gift, except in respect of the power to attain to this faith. Man was originally formed after the image of God.

Christ Jesus, who died Rom 8: But with respect to God, it is utterly impossible, since his counsel cannot be changed, nor his promise fail, neither can the call according to his purpose be revoked, nor the merit, intercession and preservation of Christ canonns rendered ineffectual, nor the sealing of the Holy Spirit be frustrated or obliterated.

A Brief Outline of the Canons of Dordt

But God, who is the Father of all consolation, does not suffer them to be tempted above that they are able, but will with the temptation make also the way of escape, that they may be able to endure it 1 Cor A corrupt stock produced a corrupt offspring. That Christ has in no place prayed that believers should infallibly continue in faith. That the spiritual gifts or the good qualities and virtues, such as goodness, holiness, righteousness, could not belong to the will of man when he was first created, and that these, therefore, could not have been separated from it in dorxt fall.

But this is in no wise effected merely by the external preaching of the gospel, by moral suasion, or such a mode of operation, that after God has performed his part, it still remains in the power of man to be regenerated or not, to be converted, or to continue unconverted.

But it must be wholly ascribed to God. For these things xanons contrary to the express testimony of Scripture: The good pleasure of God is the sole cause of this gracious election; which does not consist herein, that out of all possible qualities and actions of men God has chosen some as a condition of salvation; but that he was pleased out of the common mass of sinners to adopt some certain persons as a peculiar people to himself, as it is written, “For the children being not yet born neither having done any good or evil,” etc.

Return to the Protestant Reformed Churches home page. Moreover, the Fo warns calumniators themselves to consider the terrible judgment of God which awaits them, for bearing false witness against the confessions of so many Churches; for distressing the consciences of the weak; and for laboring to render suspected the society of the truly faithful. Election is not out of works, but of him that calls.


Canons of Dort

This is that decree of election and reprobation, revealed in the Word of God, which men of perverse, impure and unstable minds wrest to their own destruction, yet affords unspeakable consolation to holy and godly souls. Article 14 – The Way God Gives Faith Faith is therefore to be considered as the gift of God, not because it is offered by God to man, to be accepted or rejected at his pleasure; but because it is in reality conferred, breathed, and infused into him. For by this doctrine the dirdt comfort of the true believers is taken away in this life, and the doubts of the dotdt are again introduced into the Church, while the Holy Scriptures eordt deduce this assurance, not from a special and extraordinary revelation, but from the marks proper to the children of God and from the very constant promises of God.

Yet the LORD set his affection on your forefathers and loved them, and he chose you, their descendants, above all the nations, as it is today Dorddt For this opinion is repugnant to Scripture which teaches that we are by nature children of wrath Eph 2: Article 6 – Human Responsibility for Unbelief And, whereas many who are called by the gospel, do not repent, nor believe in Christ, but perish in unbelief; this is not canoms to any defect or insufficiency in the sacrifice offered by Christ upon the cross, dortd is wholly to be imputed to themselves.

Article canns – Teaching Election Properly As the doctrine of divine election ov the most wise counsel of God, was declared by the prophets, by Christ himself, and by the apostles, and is clearly revealed in the Scriptures, both of the Old and New Testament, so it is still to be published in due time and place in the Church of God, for which it was peculiarly designed, provided it be done with reverence, in the spirit of discretion and piety, for the glory of God’s most holy name, and for enlivening and comforting his people, without vainly attempting to investigate the secret ways of the Most High.

Hence spring daily sins of infirmity and as a result blemishes adhere to the best works of the saints.

Greater love has no man than this, that a man lay down his life for his friends,” John The cause of this dispensation is not to be ascribed to the superior worth of one nation above another, nor to their making a better use of the light of nature, but results wholly from the sovereign good pleasure and unmerited love of God. For these deny by this doctrine the incorruptibleness of the seed of God, whereby we are born again; contrary to the testimony of the apostle Peter: Article 3 – Human Inability Therefore all men are conceived in sin, and by nature children of wrath, incapable of any saving good, prone to evil, dead in sin, and in bondage to it, and without the regenerating grace of the Holy Spirit they are neither able nor willing to return to God, to reform the depravity of their nature, nor to dispose themselves to reformation.

But such as receive it and embrace Jesus the Savior by a true and living faith are by Him delivered from the wrath of God and from destruction, and have the gift of eternal life conferred upon them. But it is evidently a supernatural work, most powerful, and at the same time most delightful, astonishing, mysterious, and ineffable, not inferior in efficacy to creation, or the resurrection from the dead, as the Scripture inspired by the author of this work declares, so that all in whose heart God works in this marvelous manner, are certainly, infallibly, and effectually regenerated, and do actually believe.

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