Aryabhatiya – Sanskrit – Ebook download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read book online. Aryabhatiya (IAST: Āryabhaṭīya) or Aryabhatiyam (Āryabhaṭīyaṃ), a Sanskrit astronomical treatise, is the magnum opus and only known surviving work of the . Aryabhata, आर्यभट (IAST: Āryabhaṭa) or Aryabhata I (– CE) was the first of the major mathematician-astronomers from the classical age of Indian mathematics and Indian astronomy. His works include the Āryabhaṭīya (which mentions that in Kaliyuga, It has been claimed that the aśmaka (Sanskrit for “stone”) where Aryabhata.

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In addition, some versions cite a few colophons added at the end, extolling the virtues of the work, etc. Most historians of astronomy consider that this two-epicycle model reflects elements of pre-Ptolemaic Greek astronomy. He then gives the names of ascending powers of ten up to 1 billion.

Such an interpretation, however, shows a complete misunderstanding of Indian planetary theory and is flatly contradicted by every word of Aryabhata’s description. India’s first satellite Aryabhata and the lunar crater Aryabhata are named in his honour.

The cause of rising and setting [is that] the sphere of the stars together sanskrot the planets [apparently? The Britannica Guide to Numbers and Measurement. He divides up history astrologically; it is from this exposition that a date of AD has been calculated for the compilation of the Aryabhatiya.

In light of this, some scholars suggest that Aryabhata intended for his Aryabhatiya to be a commentary on previous mathematicians and astronomers or possibly a skeletal outline of his small contributions to the canon of knowledge Srinivasiengar Prior to Aryabhata, Vedic sutras early Hindu scriptures had expounded on geometric relationships for religious purposes such as altar construction and keeping track of calendars.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. There were also other Jain mathematicians whose work also contributed to mathematics. Aryabhata’s methods of astronomical calculations have been in continuous use for practical purposes of fixing the Panchangam Hindu calendar. The university is governed by Bihar State University Act Views Read Edit View history. He also explained how eclipses occurred with a proper computation of shadows with his angle-measuring device.


Aryabhata mentions “Lanka” on several occasions in the Aryabhatiyabut his “Lanka” is an abstraction, standing for a point on the equator at the same longitude as his Ujjayini. Later in the 12th century, when Gherardo of Cremona translated these writings from Arabic into Latin, he replaced the Arabic jaib with its Latin counterpart, sinuswhich means “cove” or “bay”; thence comes the English word sine.

Aryabhatiya – Wikipedia

Different Types of History. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Aryabhata. The Aryabhatiya was an extremely influential work as is exhibited by the fact that most notable Indian mathematicians after Aryabhata wrote commentaries on it. Along with the trigonometric tables, they came to be widely used in the Islamic world and used to compute many Arabic astronomical tables zijes. Next, Aryabhata lays out the numeration system used in the work. The Aryabhatiya presented a number of innovations in mathematics and astronomy in verse form, which were influential for many centuries.

This is a leap of faith that Greek mathematicians were much slower to take. The Rosen Publishing Group. Aryabhata mentions in the Aryabhatiya that it was composed 3, years into the Kali Yugawhen he was 23 years old. Retrieved 24 June But what makes Aryabhatiya so different is the way it was written. Although this stanza may not seem very helpful or practical to a modern day trigonometry student, it surely represents a major advance in the history of mathematics. Retrieved 24 June At the same time, this system of numeration allows for poetic license even in the author’s choice of numbers.

In Aryabhata’s time the prevailing view of the cosmos was that the Earth was stationary and the sun, moon, other planets, and everything else in the sky rotated around it. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikiquote Wikisource. He then gives an overview of his astronomical findings.


Journal of Near Eastern Studies. It is highly likely that the study of the Aryabhatiya was meant to be accompanied by the teachings of a well-versed tutor. The extreme brevity of the text was elaborated in commentaries by his disciple Bhaskara I Bhashyac.

Retrieved 6 July A Universal History of Numbers: The duration of the planetary revolutions during a mahayuga is given as 4. Extremely notable in the Aryabhatiya is Aryabhata’s estimation of p: Next, Aryabhata says that the product of two equal quantities, the aryabhatiyaa of a square, and a square are equivalent and likewise, the product of three quantities and a solid with 12 edges are equivalent. The result is approximately the circumference of a circle of diameter twenty thousand.

By helping these enterprises we aim to make the world better sannskrit better for us, for our community and for the environment.

For his explicit mention of the relativity of motion, he also qualifies as a major early physicist. Wikiquote has quotations related to: In AryabhatiyaAryabhata provided elegant results for the summation of series aryxbhatiya squares and cubes: Archived from the original on 14 September LallaBhaskara IBrahmaguptaVarahamihira.

The Aryabhatiya; with the commentary Bhatadîpikâ of Paramâdîçvara

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Rayabhatiya. Next, Aryabhata provides a method for finding common denominators for adding up fractions. Asia Publishing House, Bombay. Even more mind-boggling to modern day readers is the fact that these numbers would have been written out as alpha-numeric words. The belief in a stationary Earth was deeply ingrained in Indian astronomy for centuries to come.

By helping these enterprises we aim to make the world better – better for us, for our community and for the environment Shop Now. It also contained a description of several astronomical instruments:

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