Fenerbahçe... Like mentioned before at many other occasions - it's not only a sports- or a football club. Fenerbahçe is an ideology. Fenerbahçe is a lifestyle. Once you smelled the breath of Fenerbahçe, you never forget it. The moment it came into my life, my life has changed. I've never experienced anything like this before and it will never again happen because this club will guide me for the rest of my life. Nothing and nobody will ever be able to change this.
Fenerbahçe SK (Fenerbahçe Sports Club) is a comprehensive sports club of İstanbul, Türkiye. Even though Fenerbahçe SK competes in nine fields (football, basketball, volleyball, rowing, boxing, sailing, athletics, swimming and table tennis) it was founded as a football club which continues to be the most popular branch. Fenerbahçe, nicknamed "Yellow Canaries", plays its home games at Şükrü Saracoğlu Stadı.
Although Fenerbahçe SK was officially founded in 1907, the roots of its foundation goes back to 1899. During the late 19th century and early 1900s, organizing and founding of any kind of sport or cultural club was barred to Turkish people of the Ottoman Empire since the Sultan feared any organized movement which could later become a serious threat against the monarchy. So at that time football was only practiced by the foreigners in the Ottoman Empire. In 1899 young Turkish men of Kadıköy district decided to organize themselves under the name of "Black Stockings FC" (Black Stockings Football Club) in order to avoid the attention of the spies of the monarchy. But it could not escape disbanding by the authorities.
After this initial unsuccessful attempt in 1899, the same people did not give up their ambition to form a football team and started another club in 1902 under the name of "Kadıköy FC" (Kadıköy Football Club). Following the prohibition of this club too, another club was established as "Fenerbahçe FC" (Fenerbahçe Football Club) in 1907.
The club secretly continued its activities until 1908, when football was legalized to Turkish people as well, and Fenerbahçe FC joined the Istanbul League in 1909. Its founders in 1907 were Nurizade Ziya Songülen Bey, Ayetullah Bey, Enver Necip Okaner Bey, Hasan Sami Kocameme and Asaf Başpınar. The club was founded at the basement of a house on Beşbıyık Street in Moda, Kadıköy. In the beginning the colors of the club were chosen as yellow and white, but in 1909 the club changed its colors to yellow and navy blue.
The founder of the Turkish Republic, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk was a Fenerbahçe supporter. On August 10, 1928 after a 3-3 draw against 6alatasaray in the Gazi Cup, Atatürk had three 6alatasaray and two Fenerbahçe supporters next to him, where he was quoted: "We are three on three here, because I’m a Fenerbahçe supporter too".
When the club’s wooden building at Kuşdili, Kadiköy burnt down on the night of June 5, 1932, the first donation for a new building came from Atatürk. Atatürk has also visited the club and has signed the book of honour where he wrote the following: "I was informed of Fenerbahçe Club’s admirable activities and had made it a duty of mine to visit and congratulate the club. That visit has fallen on this day and I hereby record my tribute and congratulations. May 3, 1918 signed by Army commander Mustafa Kemal".
The Fenerbahçe emblem was designed by Topuz Hikmet who played as a left winger in 1910 and was made by Tevfik Haccar (Taşcı) in London. The emblem consists of five colors. The white section, which includes the writing ‘Fenerbahçe Spor Kulubu 1907’, represents purity and open heartedness; the red section represents love and attachment to the club and symbolizes the Turkish flag. The middle yellow section symbolizes admiration and envy of the opponents, while the navy symbolizes nobility. The ‘oak acorn’ branch which rises from the navy and yellow sections shows the power of Fenerbahçe. The green colour of the branch indicates that the success of Fenerbahçe is inevitable.
Topuz Hikmet describes the story of the club emblem like this: After the change of our club’s colors from yellow and white to yellow and navy, it was an issue to create an emblem with our new colors. My friends left the design of this emblem to me. Firstly, I brought together the colors of our national flag, red and white. Then I drew a heart shape over the red and gave it yellow and navy colors while adding an acorn branch that represents resistance, power and strength. I wrote the club name and foundation date on the white section. When drawing our emblem, I tried to give this meaning: ‘Serving the club with devotion from heart.’ The design was liked by my friends and the new emblem was made through the guidance of Tevfik Haccar, who was in Germany at that time. After the acceptance of the new alphabet, the design was kept in tact but ‘Fenerbahçe Spor Kulübü - 1907’ script was rewritten with latin letters.
During the early years of 20th century, organized football leagues existed only in Istanbul. After the Republic was founded and with the establishment of Turkish Football Association in 1923, federation started organizing leagues in different cities but these leagues were local. Later on Turkish Football Federation started organizing inter-city leagues first under the name of National League (Milli Küme) and then Turkish League.
Since its foundation Fenerbahçe has won more football cups than anyone else in Türkiye. Fenerbahçe has won a total of 126 trophies. The Turkish Super League (formerly the Turkish First Division) has been won 17 times by Fenerbahçe. Amongst the trophies are 16 Istanbul League Championships, 12 Turkish Sports Writer’s Championships, 6 National League, 4 Istanbul Shields, 3 Turkish Football Championships, 1 Spor-Toto Cup, 4 Armory Cups, 8 Prime Minister Cups, 4 Turkish Cups, 2 Atatürk Cups and 6 President Cups.
Türkiye 1. Lig Şampiyonluğu (17): 1959, 1961, 1964, 1965, 1968, 1970, 1974, 1975, 1978, 1983, 1985, 1989, 1996, 2001, 2004, 2005, 2007 Türkiye Kupasi Şampiyonluğu (4): 1968, 1974, 1979, 1983 Cumhurbaşkanliği Kupasi (6): 1968, 1973, 1975, 1984, 1985, 1990 Başbakanlik Kupasi (9): 1945, 1946, 1950, 1973, 1980, 1989, 1993, 1995, 1998 Atatürk Kupasi (2): 1964, 1998 Balkan Kupasi (1): 1968 Millî Küme Şampiyonluklari (6): 1937, 1940, 1943, 1945, 1946, 1950 Türkiye Birinciliği (3): 1933, 1935, 1944 Istanbul Ligi Şampiyonluklari (16): 1912, 1914, 1915, 1921, 1923, 1930, 1933, 1935, 1936, 1937, 1944, 1947, 1948, 1953, 1957, 1959 Istanbul Kupasi Şampiyonluğu (1): 1945 Istanbul Şildi Şampiyonluğu (4): 1930, 1934, 1938, 1939
There are innumerable records this club holds and it would go beyond the scope of this page to number them all, here just a few spectacular records:
Fenerbahçe won most Turkish League championships (17)
Fenerbahçe becomes champion without receiving any goal (1922).
Fenerbahçe is the team with most cups in total in Turkish football history.
Fenerbahçe is the first team that ever became champion in Turkish League history.
In 1989 Fenerbahçe scored most goals (103) and points (93).
Fenerbahçe was the first team that won all home games in a season (2001/2002)
Fenerbahçe won most games in one season (29 games in 1988/1989)
Most captains and goalkeepers in the Turkish National Team were Fenerbahçe players.
Basketball, Volleyball, Rowing, Boxing, Sailing, Athletics, Swimming and Table Tennis.
I think it's safe to say that football is the most popular branch within Fenerbahçe SK, but i don't to forget the other branches aswell which are very successful too and deserve all respect and tribute.
Alone in our Centenary Fenerbahçe SK received the following titles so far (May 2007):
BASKETBALL: League Championship - Ladies Turkish Championship - Ladies
SWIMMING: Turkish Champions - Ladies Turkish Champions- Men Türkiye Bireysel Yüzme Şampiyonası - Champions Luxembourg Euro Meet Championships - Melisa Akarsu (each Gold in 100 and 200 metres breaststroke)
TABLE TENNIS: Turkiye Masa Tenis Sampiyonlar - Tournament Champions
ATHLETICS: Youth Turkish Cross Country - Tournament Champions 21st Annual Atatürk Run - Halil Akkaş Turkish Athletic Championships - Tournament Champions Balkan Cross Country Championships - Tournament Champion
ROWING: Gençlik Ve Spor Genel Müdürlüğü Bahar Cup - 10 Titles Croatia Open 2007 - 1 x Gold, 2 x Bronze Adana Uzun Mesafe Championships - 5 x Gold Plovdiv Rowing Championships - Tournament Champions Youth Turkish Rowing Championships - Tournament Champions Turkish Heavyweight Championships - Tournament Champions (1st place in 15 of 17 categories!)
Other Fenerbahçe triumphs:
Ruhi Sarıalp has been the first who won a medal for Türkiye in a field other than wrestling in the Olympics, the bronze medal in triple jump in London 1948.
Since then Türkiye got numerous olympic medals, but only a second one in athletics. That also came from a Fenerbahçe athlete: Eşref Apak won the bronze medal in hammer throw in Athens 2004.